Update: June 10, 2013 About Shiga

State of Michigan

State of Michigan (United States of America)

The Michigan State Capitol Building in Lansing

Michigan is a state in the central part of the United States of America. Michigan has an abundance of natural resources such as Lake Michigan, one of the five Great Lakes in North America. The state capital is Lansing. Detroit, world famous for its automobile industry, is one of Michigan’s most prominent cities.


Michigan Shiga
Area ( km²) 253,794 4,017
Lakes to land ratio 2月5日 1月6日
Population 9,969,727 1,407,724
Population density ( km²) 39.2 350.4
Number of self-governing bodies 83 counties 19 municipalities
Average temperature (℃) 9.2(central region) 4.2 (northeastern region) 15.5
Average rainfall (mm) 869.4 1,480

Japan Time Difference - 14 hours Eastern Standard Time (Daylight Saving Time)

Lake Comparison

Lake Michigan from the city of St.Joseph
Lake Comparison
Lake Michigan Lake Biwa
Area ( km²) 58,016 670
Water weight (billion tons) 4,871 27.5
Maximum depth (m) 281 103.6
Average depth (m) 84 41.2

History of Exchange with Shiga

History of Exchange with Shiga
1968 Shiga Prefecture and Michigan sign the Michigan-Shiga Sister State Agreement (Lansing, Michigan)
1969 Michigan Economic Delegation visits Shiga Prefecture
1970 Shiga Prefecture Tourism and Products Exhibition opens (Detroit and Grand Rapids, Michigan)
1976 The first Shiga Goodwill Mission visits Michigan
1977 The first Michigan Goodwill Mission visits Shiga Prefecture Shiga and Michigan have alternated sending goodwill delegations every year since
1982 The Michigan paddlewheel boat begins services on Lake Biwa Japan Adventure Program established
1984 The first International Conference on the Conservation and Management of Lakes is held (Otsu, Shiga)
1985 The Michigan Fair is held (Shiga) The first exchange teachers are sent to Michigan from Shiga
1986 The second International Conference on the Conservation and Management of Lakes is held (Mackinaw Island, Michigan) The first exchange teachers are sent to Shiga from Michigan
1989 The Japan Center for Michigan Universities is established (Hikone, Shiga)
1990 The Shiga-Michigan High School Exchange Program begins
1993 Twenty-fifth anniversary of the Michigan-Shiga Sister State Agreement Children from Nagahama perform kabuki in Detroit, Michigan Sister States Exchange International Conference is held in Shiga (Hikone)
1995 The Governor of Michigan leads the tenth Michigan Goodwill Mission to Shiga Prefecture
1998 Thirtieth anniversary of the Michigan-Shiga Sister State Agreement Goshu ondo(a traditional dance from Shiga) performances are held in Michigan (South Field and Lansing)
1999 The Lieutenant Governor of Michigan leads the twelfth Michigan Goodwill Mission to Shiga Prefecture
2001 The ninth International Conference on the Conservation and Management of Lakes is held with the Governor of Michigan in attendance (Otsu, Shiga)

Related Links

Non-native Fish in the Great Lakes

The ecosystem of the Great Lakes surrounding Michigan (Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, Lake Erie, and Lake Ontario) is being threatened by non-native fish.

There currently are 22 known non-native fish in the Great Lakes. At least five species are said to have begun disturbing the ecosystem.

  • Tyulka: a species of herring that has also spread to rivers in Europe
  • Eurasian minnow: a species of minnow that feeds on native minnows
  • Black Sea silverside: a fish that feeds on native fish
  • European perch: a species of perch disrupting the Great Lakes ecosystem
  • Monkey goby: a species of goby that adversely affects native goby

Most non-native fish in North America establish themselves in rivers and lakes though their use as live bait by sport fisherman or by being released into the wild after having been kept as ornamental fish. However, in the Great Lakes most non-native species are introduced by freight ships when ballast tanks are used to accommodate for changes in weight during the loading or unloading cargo. When ballast water from places such as the Caspian Sea is discharged into the Great Lakes, hitchhiking non-native species are introduced into the ecosystem.

Specialists warn of continued damage to the ecosystem unless action is taken to reduce the numbers of non-native fish.

History of the Michigan-Shiga Sister State Agreement

Shiga’s Governor Nozaki first proposed a sister state arrangement between a lake-bearing US state and Shiga in April 1967 during a visit to the Biwako Quasi-National Park by the Assistant Director of the United States National Park Service, Theodore Swen.

In May 1968, Director General Ohashi of the Shiga Prefecture Department of Commerce, Industry, and Labor visited Michigan regarding a possible sister state agreement. That September, Ralph MacMullan, Director of the Michigan Department of Natural Resources, travelled to Shiga and an agreement in principle was reached.

The sister stage agreement between Michigan and Shiga promotes friendship and goodwill through economic exchange, cultural exchange, and the conservation and preservation of Michigan and Shiga’s distinctive lake environments. In November 1968, Governor Nozaki, accompanied by Director Kitagawa of the Shiga Prefecture Water Policy Administration Division, travelled to Michigan and signed the sister state agreement with Michigan Governor George Romney in Lansing, the state capital.