Update: June 10, 2013Dealing with Earthquakes Series No.1
When you hear BANG! When you hear CRASH! "Don't Panic!" 2013年6月10日
There have been several large earthquakes in Japan recently. The fault west of Lake Biwa, and nearby Tonankai and Nankai areas are seen to threaten a large earthquake and damage over a wide area of Shiga. This is the first in a series to help you be fully prepared in case an earthquake happens.
Give priority to protecting yourself. Get under a table, bed or like object. If you were sleeping use the pillow to protect your head. Get in to the habit of turning off the gas, even if it is just a small shake. However do not put yourself at unnecessary risk because the gas mains have a safety breaker.
Secure emergency exits. Secure escape routes by opening doors and windows. Doors at apartment blocks might be difficult to open but windows are comparatively easy. Find the source of any fire and extinguish it straight away. Wear shoes, even inside. This protects your feet from debris like broken glass and allows immediate escape. Check that your family is safe. Leave the house if it is likely to collapse or suffer from a landslide. When outside be aware of falling roof tiles, window glass, signboards, etc
Prepare portable emergency kit. Check for fires in the neighbourhood.
Gather information. Get information from verified sources like the radio. Do not be misled by rumour. Check up on the safety of people who need help in your community.
10 mins - several hours later
Evacuate if there is a danger of building collapse, fire, etc resulting from aftershocks. Collect your children from school. Prevent fire. Close main gas cock. Shut the electricity breaker when leaving the house. Leave a note of your whereabouts visible at the entrance of your house when you go out.
Use your emergency supplies. It is important to fend for yourself but help others in need too. Help with rescues and fire prevention in your area. Inform the fire department and other authorities if necessary. Evacuate in a group. Evacuate on foot avoiding concrete block walls and broken electric cables etc. Get information. Pay attention to municipal news bulletins.